Tuesday, 5 March 2013


Posted by Stop Acid Attacks On Tuesday, March 05, 2013 No comments

Acid Throwing
Perhaps you've heard of this horrible form of violence against women in South Asia. In countries like IndiaBangladesh and Pakistan, a prevalent way for a man to inflict revenge on a woman who has either turned down his marriage proposal or insulted him in some way is to break into her house and throw sulfuric acid on her face. This also happens in public, on the streets. The really unfortunate and outrageous part is that the perpetrators of such crimes are almost never charged with doing anything wrong. Many, many cases go unreported because, like rape, it is a shameful thing to endure in that culture, despite the obvious injustice.

We are trying to give you answers for all basic queries which come to the mind at first.


Acid throwing is a vicious form of violence against women. Although we know that violence against women is a universal phenomenon, what many of us may not know is the extent and form the violence takes. This differs from one society to another. In parts of the developing world – particularly south-east Asia, the south Asian subcontinent and east Africa – acid attacks are common. The Taliban and fellow extremists have frequently resorted to throwing acid in women's faces for even small transgressions, such as daring to go out unveiled.

ACID THROWING is a particularly vicious and damaging form of violence against women in Bangladesh. There are cases of acid throwing in other countries but these are isolated incidents, nowhere near the number of attacks that occur in Bangladesh.

When acid is thrown on a person, the results are horrific. Nitric or Sulphuric Acid has a catastrophic effect on the human flesh. It causes the skin tissue to melt, often exposing the bones below the flesh, sometimes even dissolving the bone. When acid attacks the eyes, it damages these vital organs permanently. Many acid attack survivors have lost the use of one or both eyes. The victim is traumatized physically, psychologically and socially.
An acid attack on your body would dramatically change your life. Most survivors of an acid attack are forced to give up their education, their occupation and other important activities in their lives. This is because recovering from the trauma takes up most of their time and because the disfigurement they have to bear debilitates and handicaps them in every conceivable way.
The scars left by acid are not just skin deep- victims are most often faced with social isolation and ostracisation that further damages their self esteem, self-confidence and seriously undermines their professional and personal future. Women who have survived acid attacks have great difficulty in finding work and if unmarried, as many victims tend to be, they have very little chance of ever getting married, which in a country like Bangladesh is socially isolating.

There is no data available on number of acid attacks in India. Unfortunately, in India, due to lack of awareness on this issue, there are not enough NGOs or social groups to study the frequency of such attacks. It is difficult to obtain accurate statistics because most people live in rural communities that are relatively isolated and mechanisms to gather information from these communities is weak. But there is evidence in Bangladesh to indicate that there is an alarming increase in the number of reported acid attacks incidents. In 1996, there were 47 reported cases of acid violence. In 1997, the number rose to 130. In 1998, there were over 200 reported cases. It is highly likely that the number of actual cases is considerably higher. In 1999 the Acid Survivors Foundation started to collect data and in its first year documented 139 known cases. It is highly likely that the number of actual cases is higher.In 2000, 2001 we documented 226, 343 cases and in 2002 the highest number recorded as 484 which had been lower a little bit in the last year - 2003 - the number was 410 cases.

The first documented case of acid violence was in 1967 when a young girl had acid poured on her by her admirer when his proposal of marriage was refused by her mother. So acid violence is a fairly recent phenomenon in Bangladesh.

The victims are attacked for many reasons. In some cases, the attack takes place because a young girl or woman has spurned the sexual advances of a male or has rejected a proposal of marriage. Recently, however, there have been acid attacks on children, older women and sometimes also men. These attacks are often the result of family or land disputes, dowry demands or a desire for revenge.
Reasons for acid attacks during the years, the highest rate of occurrence took place over Land Disputes and Family dispute, the next highest rate of these brutal incidents are due to refusal of relationship/sex throughout the country.

The major victim of attacked is Women (47%) and Men (26%). Children (27%) could not escape from the attack. Sometimes domestic animals or birds are also victimized.

एसिड अटैक
एसिड अटैक एक भयावह अपराध है, इससे पीड़ित व्यक्ति की मौत तो नहीं होती लेकिन उसकी जिंदगी इतनी भयावह और कुरूप हो जाती है कि उसके लिए जिंदगी भी मौत कि तरह लगने लगती है.

महिलायें होती है इसकी शिकार
एसिड अटैक की घटनाओं की सार्वाधिक शिकार महिला ही होती है. एसिड अटैक के मामले तो पूरी दुनिया में सामने आते हैं लेकिन दक्षिणी एशियाई देश जैसे  भारत, पाकिस्तान और बांग्लादेश में इनके सार्वाधिक मामले सामने आते है. पुरुष प्रधान समाज वाले इन देशों में जब भी महिला किसी पुरुष का विरोध करती है, डांटती है या उनके किसी जबरदस्ती के फैसले को नहीं मानती तो इन पर तेज़ाब फ़ेंक दिया जाता है. इन देशों में एसिड अटैक से सम्बंधित कमजोर कानून और सरकार द्वारा एसिड अटैक पीड़ितों के लिए कोई विशेष मदद न दिए जाने के कारण इसके पीड़ित न सिर्फ शारीरिक बल्कि मानसिक और सामजिक कष्ट से भी गुजरते हैं.

किसी पर इस उद्देश्य से या ये जानते हुए एसिड फेंकना कि इससे उसका चेहरा खराब हो सकता है या उसकी जिंदगी बर्बाद हो सकती है. एसिड अटैक कहलाता है.

नाइट्रिक या सल्फ्यूरिक नाम से पहचाने जाने वाले एसिड का प्रयोग सामन्यता वैज्ञानिक प्रयोग या व्यावसायिक रूप से होता है. लेकिन हमारे देश में कोई विशेष कानून और सख्ती के अभाव आसानी से उपलब्ध हो जाता है.
जब चेहरे या शरीर के किसी भाग पर गिरता है तो वो शरीर के उस हिस्से को जलाना शुरू कर देता है. मांस के साथ हड्डियां भी गलने लगती हैं. एसिड अटैक कि घटनाओं में कई पीड़ित महिलायें अपनी आँखे भी गवां चुकी है.

एसिड अटैक के मामले
हमारे देश में एसिड अटैक से सम्बंधित कोई सरकारी तंत्र न होने और इस दिशा में काम करने वाले संस्थाओं की कमी की वजह से यहाँ इनकी संख्या का सही अनुमान लगाना बहुत मुश्किल है. दुर्भाग्य की बात ये भी है कि एसिड अटैक के अधिकाँश मामले दर्ज भी नहीं हो पाते. फिर भी आंकड़ों के अनुसार साल 1996 में जहां 47 केस सामने आये थे. 1997 में 130 केस, 1998 200 केस प्रकाश में आये .1999 में पिछले साल कि तुलना 139 केस आये. साल 2000 मे 226, 2001 में 343, 2002 में 484 और 2003में 410 केस सामने आये हैं.

एसिड अटैक का पहला केस?
साल 1967 में एसिड अटैक का पहला केस सामने आया था जब एक लड़की पर तेज़ाब फ़ेंक दिया गया था. यह घटना बांग्लादेश कि है.

कौन हैं शिकार?
एसिड अटैक के महिलाओं पर 47%, पुरुषों पर 26%,  बच्चों पर 27 % मामले अब तक सामने आये हैं.


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    About Us

    SAA is a campaign against acid violence. We work as a bridge between survivors and the society, as most of the victims of this brutal crime, which is much more grave in its impact than a rape, have isolated themselves after losing their face. Due to ignorance of the government and civil society, most survivors find no hope and stay like an outcast, in solitude. SAA aims to research and track acid attack cases and compile a data to get the actual situation of survivors.

    Our Mission

    We work with partners and stakeholders towards elimination of acid and other forms of burn violence and protection of survivors' rights. The process of justice to an acid attack victim remains incomplete until she gets immediate medical, legal and economic help, along with the critical social acceptance. Our vision is to free India from this crime, which reflects the flaws of our patriarchal society and abusive attitudes. We want survivors to have access to fast justice and fight back the irreparable impact of this crime.

    Support Us

    Any amount you can donate to us, no matter how small, will be very gratefully received and put to good use helping acid and burns violence survivors. Your help could help pay for dressings and medical supplies for recuperating patients. A small help could help survivors with vital physical rehabilitation after an attack, including physical therapy and nursing.

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    We welcome all the volunteers to come forward and join us in our camping and contribute in whatever way possible. Please visit the Join Us page for more details.